Farming occurs on a larger scale, and with the production of salable goods as a major motivation. Gardening happens on a smaller scale, primarily for pleasure and to produce goods for the gardener's own family or community. There is some overlap between the terms, particularly in that some moderate-sized vegetable growing concerns, often called market gardening , can fit in either category. The key distinction between gardening and farming is essentially one of scale; gardening can be a hobby or an income supplement, but farming is generally understood [ by whom?
One distinction is that gardening is labor-intensive and employs very little infrastructural capital , sometimes no more than a few tools, e. By contrast, larger-scale farming often involves irrigation systems , chemical fertilizers and harvesters or at least ladders , e. However, this distinction is becoming blurred with the increasing use of power tools in even small gardens. Monty Don has speculated on an atavistic connection between present-day gardeners and pre-modern peasantry.
The term precision agriculture is sometimes used [ by whom? Gardening is effectively scaled up to feed entire villages of over people from specialized plots. A variant is the community garden which offers plots to urban dwellers; see further in allotment gardening. There is a wide range of garden ornaments and accessories available in the market for both the professional gardener and the amateur to exercise their creativity.
These are used to add decoration or functionality, and may be made from a wide range of materials such as copper, stone, wood, bamboo, stainless steel , clay , stained glass , concrete, or iron. Examples include trellis , garden furniture , statues , outdoor fireplaces , fountains , rain chains , urns , bird baths and feeders , wind chimes , and garden lighting such as candle lanterns and oil lamps.
The use of these items can be part of the expression of a gardener's gardening personality. Garden design is considered to be an art in most cultures, distinguished from gardening, which generally means garden maintenance. Garden design can include different themes such as perennial, butterfly , wildlife , Japanese , water , tropical , or shade gardens. In Japan, Samurai and Zen monks were often required to build decorative gardens or practice related skills like flower arrangement known as ikebana.
In 18th-century Europe, country estates were refashioned by landscape gardeners into formal gardens or landscaped park lands, such as at Versailles , France, or Stowe , England. Today, landscape architects and garden designers continue to produce artistically creative designs for private garden spaces. Garden pests are generally plants , fungi , or animals frequently insects that engage in activity that the gardener considers undesirable.
A pest may crowd out desirable plants, disturb soil, stunt the growth of young seedlings, steal or damage fruit, or otherwise kill plants, hamper their growth, damage their appearance, or reduce the quality of the edible or ornamental portions of the plant. Aphids , spider mites , slugs , snails , ants , birds , and even cats are commonly considered to be garden pests. Because gardeners may have different goals, organisms considered "garden pests" vary from gardener to gardener.
Tropaeolum speciosum , for example, may be considered a desirable and ornamental garden plant, or it may be considered a pest if it seeds and starts to grow where it is not wanted. As another example, in lawns , moss can become dominant and be impossible to eradicate. In some lawns, lichens , especially very damp lawn lichens such as Peltigera lactucfolia and P. There are many ways by which unwanted pests are removed from a garden.
The techniques vary depending on the pest, the gardener's goals, and the gardener's philosophy. For example, snails may be dealt with through the use of a chemical pesticide, an organic pesticide, hand-picking, barriers, or simply growing snail-resistant plants. Pest control is often done through the use of pesticides , which may be either organic or artificially synthesized.
Pesticides may affect the ecology of a garden due to their effects on the populations of both target and non-target species.
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For example, unintended exposure to some neonicotinoid pesticides has been proposed as a factor in the recent decline in honey bee populations. Other means of control include the removal of infected plants, using fertilizers and biostimulants to improve the health and vigour of plants so they better resist attack, practising crop rotation to prevent pest build-up, using companion planting ,  and practising good garden hygiene, such as disinfecting tools and clearing debris and weeds which may harbour pests.
Garden guns are smooth bore shotguns specifically made to fire. These guns are especially effective inside of barns and sheds, as the snake shot will not shoot holes in the roof or walls, or more importantly injure livestock with a ricochet. They are also used for pest control at airports , warehouses , stockyards , etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Practice of growing and cultivating plants. For planting a plain-text to be encrypted by an adversary, see Gardening cryptanalysis. For persons who garden, see Gardener. Main article: History of gardening. Main article: List of garden types.
Main article: Garden ornament. See also: Landscape architecture. Main article: Garden guns. Gardening portal Agriculture portal. The forest-garden farms of Kandy, Sri Lanka. Retrieved 4 June Frances Lincoln Publishers. The Cottage Garden. Jacqui Hurst.
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Dorling Kindersley. Illustrated History of Landscape Design. Down to Earth: Gardening Wisdom.
Heritage Apples. Top rated See more. Allotment Handbook. How to Grow Winter Vegetables. The Fruit Tree Handbook. More buying choices. Kindle Edition.
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Mr Doubler Begins Again 24 Jan Whispersync for Voice-ready. Audible Audiobook. Down to Earth: Gardening Wisdom 5 Oct Available for immediate download. Before launching into the guide on how to grow your own food, I want to share the resources on how you can get involved with growing food with me here in Orlando.
Join my Facebook group where I post volunteer opportunities, educational opportunities, hangouts, etc. Free Gardening for Beginners Classes. I teach free gardening classes in Audubon Park. I post the events in my Facebook group and on my events and speaking schedule. I am on a trip to my homeland until mid to late September.
I will host more workshops and classes in my garden when I return. Gardens for Single Moms. We have built five gardens for single moms in Audubon Park. We welcome you to join us in the gardens on a volunteer day. We post volunteer opportunities in the Facebook group. Free Seeds.
Eight Simple Steps for a Successful Garden
If you are interested in free seeds, you can get them at:. Get involved with Community Fruit Trees. Get involved with Free Seed Project. I had never grown any food in Florida, and in reality, had not grown much food in my life. And my plan was to start the project just six months after arriving in Florida. I quickly began soaking in all the knowledge I could get.
Growing In Florida
I have been visiting education centers like Sustainable Kashi and H. Yet I am still very much a beginner. I still very much remember being overwhelmed with dozens of questions on the basic elements of gardening such as how much should I water, how much sun should the garden have, what can I plant, when should I plant, should I plant direct in the garden or in a greenhouse, and on and on.
After less than six months I had learned much of the basics and was sitting in a more comfortable place. I will turn out to be wrong sometimes. I will still have failures. I can help you get started.
My goal with this guide is to help you get past the parts you may be nervous about. I want to empower you and activate you into growing your own food and sharing it with your community. This guide is geared toward beginner and first-time gardeners in the Orlando, Florida area. I would not recommend this guide if you are outside Florida.
Florida is a pretty unique state when it comes to growing food and this guide is aimed at helping people working within the circumstances that Central Florida provides.